Sterilisation in the United States to 1957

States Having Sterilisation Laws in 1956

Dates indicate the year in which the law was first passed; later revisions or amendments are not shown.

Sterilisations Reported
Per 100,000 Population (2)
1956
Georgia 7.22 New Hampshire 1.43 California 0.17
North Carolina 4.88 Indiana 0.83 West Virginia 0.15
Delaware 2.98 Arizona 0.76 Maine 0.11
Virginia 2.38 Minnesota 0.59 Winsconsin 0.03
Iowa 2.26 Nebraska 0.56 Idaho 0
North Dakota 2.13 Michigan 0.36 Kansas 0
Oregon 1.98 Connecticut 0.31 Montana 0
Utah 1.84 Sough Dakota 0.29 Oklahoma 0
South Carolina 1.83 Mississippi 0.28 Vermont 0


Types of State Laws

STATE Voluntary (1) Compulsory (2) Both (3) Extramural (4) Eugenics Board (5)
*Alabama - X - - -
Arizona - X - - -
California - X - - -
*Connecticut - X - - -
Delaware - X - X -
*Georgia - X - - X
*Idaho - X - X X
Indiana - X - - -
*Iowa - X - X X
*Kansas - X - - -
*Maine - - X - -
*Michigan - X - X -
Minnesota X - - - -
Mississippi - X - - -
*Montana - X - - X
*Nebraska - X - - -
New Hampshire - X - - -
*North Carolina - - X X X
*North Dakota - X - - -
Oklahoma - X - - -
*Oregon - X - X X
South Carolina - X - - -
*South Dakota - - X X -
Utah - X - X -
Vermont X - - - -
Virginia - X - - -
West Verginia - X - - -
Wisconsin - X - - -
  1. Consent of defective person, spouse or guardian required.
  2. Consent of defective person not required.
  3. Law contains provision for either voluntary or compulsory.
  4. Law contains provision for Individuals outside of institutions.
  5. Authorisation agency for sterilisation operation. (Other states' operations passed on by designated agencies.)


Sterilisations Reported in the United States
to January 1, 1957

GRAND TOTAL . . . . . . . . . . . . CUMULATIVE TOTAL(1)
1956 1955
MENTALLY ILL
MENTALLY DEFICIENT
OTHERS (2)
State Total Total Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female
Alabama (3) - - 224 129 95 - - - 224 129 95 - - -
Arizona 8 1 30 10 20 24 10 14 6 - 6 - - -
California 23 25 19,985 10,131 9,854 11,683 5,936 5,747 7,514 3,417 4,097 788 778 10
Connecticut 7 3 542 45 497 414 21 393 128 24 104 - - -
Delaware 12 - 871 449 422 278 207 71 567 242 325 26 - 26
Georgia 268 263 2,490 1,023 1,467 1,855 786 1,069 626 237 389 9 - 9
Idaho - 2 33 8 25 12 2 10 20 6 14 1 - 1
Indiana 34 94 2,325 1,148 1,177 609 302 307 1,712 845 867 4 1 3
Iowa 61 47 1,682 488 1,194 788 274 514 794 182 612 100 32 68
Kansas - - 3,025 1,763 1,262 2,063 1,219 853 849 511 338 113 42 71
Maine 1 26 305 44 261 21 6 15 214 38 176 70 - 70
Michigan 27 61 3,550 993 2,617 427 76 351 2,843 798 2,054 280 59 221
Minnesota 19 9 2,313 516 1,797 410 119 291 1,902 396 1,506 1 1 -
Mississippi 6 - 602 154 448 530 140 390 58 14 44 14 - 14
Montana - - 256 72 184 42 17 25 214 55 159 - - -
Nebrask 8 15 852 399 453 164 61 103 679 335 344 9 3 6
New Hampshire 8 4 670 148 522 246 27 219 372 121 251 52 - 52
New York (3) - - 42 1 41 41 - 41 - - - 1 1 -
North Carolina 216 289 4,472 937 3,535 1,334 379 955 2,826 481 2,345 312 77 235
North Dakota 14 16 961 352 609 379 128 251 546 211 335 36 13 23
Oklahoma - 1 556 122 434 306 71 235 250 51 199 - - -
Oregon 38 28 2,177 846 1,331 825 356 469 1,239 454 785 113 36 77
South Carolina 43 30 201 18 183 77 6 71 123 12 111 1 - 1
South Dakota 2 2 779 281 498 23 7 16 738 268 470 18 6 12
Utah 15 9 732 336 396 112 44 68 620 292 328 - - -
Vermont - - 252 83 169 13 1 12 211 73 138 28 9 19
Virginia 87 111 6,683 2,640 4,043 3,415 1,320 2,095 3,113 1,238 1,875 155 82 73
Washington (3) - - 685 184 501 403 147 256 276 33 243 6 4 2
West Virginia 3 33 98 15 83 23 2 21 52 11 41 23 2 21
Wisconsin 1 - 1,793 392 1,401 8 5 3 1,784 386 1,398 1 1 -

Totals

901 1,067 59,186 23,667 35,519 26,525 11,660 14,865 30,500 10,860 19,640 2,161 1,147 1,014


email Liz@toolan.com
Return to Appendix Index
Return to Introduction
Return to Table of Contents
Return To Liz Toolan's Homepage